## 2210.71 – Point on a Line. Making a Triangle?

Given points A, B, C, and D are distinct and lie, in that order, on a straight line. Line segments AB, AC, and AD have lengths $x$, $y$, and $z$, respectively. Suppose that the line segments AB and CD are rotated about points B and C, respectively, so that points A and D coincide and thereby form a triangle with positive area (see the figure below), then which of the following three inequalities must be satisfied?

- $x < z/2$
- $y < x + z/2
- $y < z/2.$

## Solution

In summary, I and II are true.

In the first place, II must be satisfied. Consider this chain of reasoning, based on the figure below, part (a):

So statement II must be satisfied. It happens that inequality I is also true. The figure, part (b), explains why informally. Can you prove it?

Finally, the figure, part (a), shows that III may be violated.